Two Women with Metastatic Breast Cancer – Same Age, Same Disease, Two Very Different Functional Profiles

A day in the life of advanced breast cancer. Two different 37-year-old breast cancer patients, both mothers of young children, were seen in consultation on the same day.

The first had been referred by a colleague who was concerned that the patient’s ER positive breast cancer had disseminated to her brain despite aggressive standard chemotherapy. She was to undergo a craniotomy and a portion of fresh tumor would be submitted from the surgery to Rational Therapeutics for EVA-PCD functional profiling.

The second mother had metastatic triple negative breast cancer, which recurred after aggressive standard chemotherapy. She underwent neo-adjuvant treatment (preoperative) but at the time of her surgery, there was no evidence of response to the treatment. By the time we met her, only months into her diagnosis, new areas of metastatic disease were cropping up daily.

Microscope Detail2-lo resThe EVA-PCD assay results on these two “similar” patients were entirely different.

The results of the first patient with the ER positive tumor and brain metastases clearly identified treatments directed toward the PI3K pathway, with or without chemotherapy. We are recommending a combination of Everolimus plus chemotherapy.

The second patient had a completely different profile. Indeed, the degree of drug resistance was quite striking. A three-drug combination was among the most active from almost two dozen drugs tested.  The other option appeared to be a new class of drugs called the cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors.

On a functional level, we used targeted drugs to probe for sensitivity to inhibitors of these cancer signal pathways. Unlike genomic profiles that tell you whether the gene is present or absent, we can tell whether the gene is driving the tumor. Functional profiling.

One patient is now under my care and the other will begin treatment under the care of a colleague in Orange County, CA. We will await results of these assay-directed therapies and wish these two young patients every success.

About Dr. Robert A. Nagourney
Dr. Nagourney received his undergraduate degree in chemistry from Boston University and his doctor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal, where he was a University Scholar. After a residency in internal medicine at the University of California, Irvine, he went on to complete fellowship training in medical oncology at Georgetown University, as well as in hematology at the Scripps Institute in La Jolla. During his fellowship at Georgetown University, Dr. Nagourney confronted aggressive malignancies for which the standard therapies remained mostly ineffective. No matter what he did, all of his patients died. While he found this “standard of care” to be unacceptable, it inspired him to return to the laboratory where he eventually developed “personalized cancer therapy.” In 1986, Dr. Nagourney, along with colleague Larry Weisenthal, MD, PhD, received a Phase I grant from a federally funded program and launched Oncotech, Inc. They began conducting experiments to prove that human tumors resistant to chemotherapeutics could be re-sensitized by pre-incubation with calcium channel blockers, glutathione depletors and protein kinase C inhibitors. The original research was a success. Oncotech grew with financial backing from investors who ultimately changed the direction of the company’s research. The changes proved untenable to Dr. Nagourney and in 1991, he left the company he co-founded. He then returned to the laboratory, and developed the Ex-vivo Analysis - Programmed Cell Death ® (EVA-PCD) test to identify the treatments that would induce programmed cell death, or “apoptosis.” He soon took a position as Director of Experimental Therapeutics at the Cancer Institute of Long Beach Memorial Medical Center. His primary research project during this time was chronic lymphocytic leukemia. He remained in this position until the basic research program funding was cut, at which time he founded Rational Therapeutics in 1995. It is here where the EVA-PCD test is used to identity the drug, combinations of drugs or targeted therapies that will kill a patient's tumor - thus providing patients with truly personalized cancer treatment plans. With the desire to change how cancer care is delivered, he became Medical Director of the Todd Cancer Institute at Long Beach Memorial in 2003. In 2008, he returned to Rational Therapeutics full time to rededicate his time and expertise to expand the research opportunities available through the laboratory. He is a frequently invited lecturer for numerous professional organizations and universities, and has served as a reviewer and on the editorial boards of several journals including Clinical Cancer Research, British Journal of Cancer, Gynecologic Oncology, Cancer Research and the Journal of Medicinal Food.

One Response to Two Women with Metastatic Breast Cancer – Same Age, Same Disease, Two Very Different Functional Profiles

  1. desiree dubois says:

    I know you will do your best, but do your best and take good care of them.

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